中圖分類號： D92；G203 文獻標識碼： A DOI： 10.19358/j.issn.2097-1788.2023.02.009 引用格式： 趙赫棟. 數字時代身份盜竊犯罪的規制與應對[J].網絡安全與數據治理，2023，42(2)：53-61，69.
Regulation and response to identity theft in the digital age
(School of Public Administration,China University of Geosciences(Wuhan)，Wuhan 430074，China)
Abstract： Identity theft usually refers to the act of stealing and using personal identity to obtain economic benefits or engage in other criminal activities. In the digital age, countries will increasingly regulate identity theft crimes.Through federal legislation such as the Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act of 1998, and state level legislation, the United States has established an independent crime model for identity theft.Germany has no special legislation on identity theft, but unified regulation in the criminal protection system of personal information.The UK pays more attention to strict supervision through the pre law to reduce the possibility of identity information leakage, abuse and fraud.The regulation mode in China is similar to that in Germany, but there are problems such as neglecting the protection of personal identity, incomplete evaluation of criminal law on identity theft, and narrow scope of personal information protection.In the face of the impact of deepfake technology in the digital age, the regulation of identity theft is even more inadequate. At present, China should adopt the unified criminal law protection model of personal identity, improve the existing criminal law identity protection system and strengthen the connection between criminal laws by criminalizing the illegal use of personal information, expanding the criminal law protection scope of personal information, and improving identity document crimes.
Key words : identity theft；criminal law protection of personal information; deepfake